Essay On Environment Day 2013

Environment day
Official nameUN World Environment Day
Also calledEco Day, Environment Day, WED
SignificanceEnvironmental issues awareness
ObservancesEnvironment Protection
Date5 June
First time5 June 1974; 43 years ago (5 June 1974)

World Environment Day (WED) occurs on 5 June every year, and is the United Nations' principal vehicle for encouraging worldwide awareness and action for the protection of our environment. First held in 1974, it has been a flagship campaign for raising awareness on emerging environmental issues from marine pollution, human overpopulation, and global warming, to sustainable consumption and wildlife crime. WED has grown to become a global platform for public outreach, with participation from over 143 countries annually. Each year, WED has a new theme that major corporations, NGOs, communities, governments and celebrities worldwide adopt to advocate environmental causes.


World Environment Day [WED] was established by the UN General Assembly in 1972[1] on the first day of Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment, resulting from discussions on the integration of human interactions and the environment. Two years later, in 1974 the first WED was held with the theme "Only One Earth". Even though WED celebration have been held annually since 1974, in 1987 the idea for rotating the center of these activities through selecting different host countries began.

Annual themes and major initiatives and accomplishments[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(January 2016)

For almost five decades, World Environment Day has been raising awareness, supporting action, and driving change. Here is a timeline of key accomplishments in WEDs’ history:


The theme for this year is 'Beat Plastic Pollution'.The host nation is India.[2]


The theme for 2017 is 'Connecting People to Nature – in the city and on the land, from the poles to the equator'. The host nation is Canada.[3]


The 2016 WED was organized under the theme "Go wild for life". This edition of the WED aims to reduce and prevent the illegal trade in wildlife.[4]Angola was chosen as the host country of the 2016 WED during the COP21 in Paris.[5][6]


The Slogan of the 2015 edition of the World Environment Day is "Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care". The slogan was picked through a voting process on social media.[7][8] In Saudi Arabia, 15 women recycled 2000 plastic bags to crochet a mural in support of the WED 2015.[9] In India, Narendra Modi planted a Kadamb sapling to celebrate the World Environment Day and raise awareness for Environment.[10][11] Italy is the host country of the 43rd edition of the WED. The celebrations took place as part of Milan Expo around the theme: Feeding the Planet - Energy for Life.[12]


The Theme of the 2014 WED is : International Year of Small Islands Developing States (SIDS). By choosing this Theme the UN General Assembly aimed to highlight the development Challenges and successes of the SIDS. In 2014, the World Environment Day focused on global warming and its impact on ocean levels.[13] The Slogan of the WED 2014 is "Raise your voice not the sea level", as Barbados hosted the global celebrations of the 42nd edition of the World Environment Day.[14][15] The UN Environement Programme named actor Ian Somerhalder as the official Goodwill ambassador of the WED 2014.[16]


The 2013 theme for World Environment Day was Think.Eat.Save.[17]

The campaign addressed the huge annual wastage and losses in food, which, if conserved, would release a large quantity of food as well as reduce the overall carbon footprint. The campaign aimed to bring about awareness in countries with lifestyles resulting in food wastage. It also aimed to empower people to make informed choices about the food they eat so as to reduce the overall ecological impact due to the worldwide production of food.[17].The host country for the year's celebrations was Mongolia.


The theme for the 2012 World Environment Day was Green Economy: Does it include you?[18]

The theme aimed to invite people to examine their activities and lifestyle and see how the concept of a "Green Economy" fits into it. The host country for the year's celebrations was Brazil.[18]


The theme for 2011 was Forests-Nature At Your Service. Thousands of activities were organized worldwide, with beach clean-ups, concerts, exhibits, film festivals, community events and much more. This year's global host, India, is a country of wide biodiversity.[19]


'Many Species. One Planet. One Future', was the theme of 2010.

It celebrated the diversity of life on Earth as part of the 2010 International Year of Biodiversity. It was hosted in Rwanda. Thousands of activities were organized worldwide, with beach clean-ups, concerts, exhibits, film festivals, community events and much more.[20] Each continent (except Antarctica) had a "regional host city", the U.N. chose Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania as the host for all North.[21]


The theme for WED 2009 was 'Your Planet Needs You – UNite to Combat Climate Change', and Michael Jackson's 'Earth Song' was declared 'World Environment Day Song'. It was hosted in Mexico.[22]


The host for World Environment Day 2008 was New Zealand, with the main international celebrations scheduled for Wellington. The slogan for 2008 was "CO2, Kick the Habit! Towards a Low Carbon Economy." New Zealand was one of the first countries to pledge to achieve carbon neutrality, and will also focus on forest management as a tool for reducing greenhouse gases.[23]

The Chicago Botanic Garden served as the North American host[24] for World Environment Day on 5 June 2008.


The topic for World Environment Day for 2007 was "Melting Ice – a Hot Topic?" During International Polar Year, WED 2007 focused on the effects that climate change is having on polar ecosystems and communities, on other ice- and snow-covered areas of the world, and the resulting global impacts.

The main international celebrations of the WED 2007 were held in the city of Tromsø, Norway, a city north of the Arctic Circle.[25]


The topic for WED 2006 was Deserts and Desertification and the slogan was "Don't desert drylands".

The slogan emphasised the importance of protecting drylands. The main international celebrations of the World Environment Day 2006 were held in Algeria.


The theme for the 2005 World Environment Day was "Green Cities" and the slogan was "Plan for the Planet!".[26]

Host cities[edit]

World Environment Day celebrations have been (and will be) hosted in the following cities:[27]

YearThemeHost city
1974Only one Earth during Expo '74Spokane, United States
1975Human SettlementsDhaka, Bangladesh
1976Water: Vital Resource for LifeOntario, Canada
1977Ozone Layer Environmental Concern; Lands Loss and Soil DegradationSylhet, Bangladesh
1978Development Without DestructionSylhet, Bangladesh
1979Only One Future for Our Children – Development Without DestructionSylhet, Bangladesh
1980A New Challenge for the New Decade: Development Without DestructionSylhet, Bangladesh
1981Ground Water; Toxic Chemicals in Human Food ChainsSylhet, Bangladesh
1982Ten Years After Stockholm (Renewal of Environmental Concerns)Dhaka, Bangladesh
1983Managing and Disposing Hazardous Waste: Acid Rain and EnergySylhet, Bangladesh
1984DesertificationRajshahi, Bangladesh
1985Youth: Population and the EnvironmentIslamabad, Pakistan
1986A Tree for PeaceOntario, Canada
1987Environment and Shelter: More Than A RoofNairobi, Kenya
1988When People Put the Environment First, Development Will LastBangkok, Thailand
1989Global Warming; Global WarningBrussels, Belgium
1990Children and the EnvironmentMexico City, Mexico
1991Climate Change. Need for Global PartnershipStockholm, Sweden
1992Only One Earth, Care and ShareRio de Janeiro, Brazil
1993Poverty and the Environment – Breaking the Vicious CircleBeijing, People's Republic of China
1994One Earth One FamilyLondon, United Kingdom
1995We the Peoples: United for the Global EnvironmentPretoria, South Africa
1996Our Earth, Our Habitat, Our HomeIstanbul, Turkey
1997For Life on EarthSeoul, Republic of Korea
1998For Life on Earth – Save Our SeasMoscow, Russian Federation
1999Our Earth – Our Future – Just Save It!Tokyo, Japan
2000The Environment Millennium – Time to ActAdelaide, Australia
2001Connect with the World Wide Web of LifeTorino, Italy and Havana, Cuba
2002Give Earth a ChanceShenzhen, People's Republic of China
2003Water – Two Billion People are Dying for It!Beirut, Lebanon
2004Wanted! Seas and Oceans – Dead or Alive?Barcelona, Spain
2005Green Cities – Plan for the Planet!San Francisco, United States
2006Deserts and Desertification – Don't Desert Drylands!Algiers, Algeria
2007Melting Ice – a Hot Topic?London, England
2008Kick The Habit – Towards A Low Carbon EconomyWellington, New Zealand
2009Your Planet Needs You – Unite to Combat Climate ChangeMexico City, Mexico
2010Many Species. One Planet. One FutureRangpur, Bangladesh
2011Forests: Nature at your ServiceNew Delhi, India
2012Green Economy: Does it include you?Brasilia, Brazil
2013Think.Eat.Save. Reduce Your FoodprintUlaanbaatar, Mongolia
2014Raise your voice, not the sea levelBridgetown, Barbados
2015Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care.Rome, Italy
2016Zero Tolerance for the Illegal Wildlife tradeLuanda, Angola
2017Connecting People to Nature – in the city and on the land, from the poles to the equatorOttawa, Canada
2018Beat Plastic PollutionNew Delhi, India

World Environment Day Anthem[edit]

An Earth Anthem penned by poet Abhay K is sung to celebrate World Environment Day.[28]

Our cosmic oasis, cosmic blue pearl the most beautiful planet in the universe all the continents and the oceans of the world united we stand as flora and fauna united we stand as species of one earth black, brown, white, different colours . we are humans, the earth is our home.

Our cosmic oasis, cosmic blue pearl the most beautiful planet in the universe all the people and the nations of the world all for one and one for all united we unfurl the blue marble flag black, brown, white, different colours we are humans, the earth is our home.[29]

It was launched in June 2013 on the occasion of the World Environment Day by Kapil Sibal and Shashi Tharoor, then Union Ministers of India, at a function organized by the Indian Council of Cultural Relations in New Delhi.[30] It is supported by the global organization Habitat For Humanity.[31]

See also[edit]


  1. ^"World Environment Day - 5 June". Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  2. ^[1]
  3. ^2017 Host country named as Canada, UNEP, 31 Jan 2017
  4. ^Hub, IISD's SDG Knowledge. "Event: World Environment Day 2016 | SDG Knowledge Hub | IISD". Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  5. ^"Angola to Host World Environment Day in 2016". Angola Press Agency (Luanda). 2015-12-14. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  6. ^Programme, Climate Action. "Angola to host World Environment Day 2016". Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  7. ^Hub, IISD's SDG Knowledge. "Event: World Environment Day 2015 | SDG Knowledge Hub | IISD". Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  8. ^"Vote for your World Environment Day 2015 slogan |". Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  9. ^"World Environment Day 2015  :: Our Planet". Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  10. ^"PM plants "Kadamb" sapling on World Environment Day". Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  11. ^"Why PM Modi planted 'Kadamb' sapling on World Environment Day?". Microfinance Monitor. 2015-06-05. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  12. ^"Italy hosts the official World Environment Day celebrations at Expo Milano". TreeHugger. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  13. ^"World Environment Day 2014 | Department of Environmental Affairs". Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  14. ^Reporter, Staff (2014-06-05). "World Environment Day 2014: Theme, History, Host Country and Observances". International Business Times UK. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  15. ^"World Environment Day 2014". Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  16. ^"Ian Somerhalder named Goodwill Ambassador for World Environment Day 2014". TreeHugger. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  17. ^ ab""Think.Eat.Save" World Environment Day 5 June". World Environment Day. United Nations Environment Programme. 5 June 2013. Archived from the original on 5 June 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
  18. ^ abTimes News Network (31 May 2012). "World Environment Day 2012: Let's pledge to make earth a better place". Times of India : Environment. Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
  19. ^World Environment Day – Raise Your Voice, Not the Sea Level
  20. ^World Environment Day 2010
  21. ^The New Emerald City – Pittsburgh Magazine – April 2010 – Pittsburgh, PA
  22. ^"WED That Was – 2009". Retrieved 2013-08-14. 
  23. ^UNEP Press Release, 1 October 2007, "Kick the Habit – World Environment Day 2008 to be Hosted by New Zealand with Focus on Fostering Low-Carbon Economies", accessed 10 November 2007
  24. ^world environment day 2008 host countries
  25. ^Norwegian Polar Institute, World Environment Day 2007–information in Englishand NorwegianArchived 1 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  26. ^World Environment Day 2005 Official Site, 2005, "About World Environment Day 2005", accessed 28 May 2009
  27. ^World Environment Day 5 June 2008 – UNEP, accessed 6 June 2008
  28. ^World Environment Day The Nation, Sri Lanka, 30 May 2015
  29. ^K, Abhay (27 April 2014). "Earth Anthem". Earth Anthem Website. 
  30. ^"Indian diplomat pens anthem for earth". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  31. ^Habitat for Humanity International gets people to sing Earth Anthem ANI, 30 Aug 2014

External links[edit]

World Environment Day in India
Activities for world environment day in Bhopal
World Environment Day 2011 in Donetsk, Ukraine
US Consul CG Yee, along with the Mayor of Thessaloniki Vassilis Papageorgopoulos, the Prefect of Thessaloniki Panagiotis Psomiadis, and many others participating in World Environment Day on the waterfront, Bike Path
Trees planting during the World Environment Day 2012 in Konso – Ethiopia.
Standard WED banners hung in San Francisco in May 2005.

This year's theme for World Environment Day is 'Your Planet needs You! Unite to combat climate change' – a topic that reflects everyone’s individual responsibility to protect the planet, as well as the urgency for nations to agree on a new climate change deal in December 2009.

World Environment Day is truly a People's Day: it is the chance for everyone, young and old, with their community or with close friends, to show that they care for the planet.

In Denmark, World Environment Day will be celebrated with a public premiere of the new film 'HOME' created by world-renowned photographer Yann Arthus-Bertrand. Using the stunning aerial footage that is Arthus-Bertrand's trademark, the film — shot in more than 50 countries — makes an urgent appeal for our planet in peril and all its treasures, arguing that we have barely ten years left to reverse its degradation.

The premiere in Copenhagen will take place at Kongens Nytorv from 11:00 – 17:00 on 5 June .

Along with the premiere in Copenhagen, the film — partly financed by the French Government — will be launched at more than 100 locations around the world. Screenings — including star-studded premieres at the Eiffel Tower and in New York City's Central Park – will be free of charge, and the film will also be available for free download on YouTube.

The screening in Copenhagen is a joint event arranged by the European Environment Agency and the six United Nations agencies located in Denmark. In August, the Danish Film Institute in Copenhagen (Cinemateket) will show multiple screenings of 'HOME' along with special presentations organised by the European Environment Agency.

World Environment Day 2009 comes just under 190 days before the UN climate convention meeting in Copenhagen. As millions of people around the world prepare to celebrate the event, and in the spirit of the WED slogan 'Unite to combat climate change', the UN has launched the Seal the Deal campaign to call for world leaders to agree on a climate change deal that will protect people and the planet.

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon visited Denmark less than two weeks ago. On that occasion he encouraged private sector leaders to take responsibility for the climate. 'But we all have a responsibility,' Ban Ki-moon says in a World Environment Day statement:

 'On this World Environment Day, I encourage all people to take concrete steps toward making the planet greener and cleaner. Switch off the lights. Take public transportation. Recycle. Plant a tree. Clean up your local park. Hold corporations responsible for their environmental practices. And urge your government representatives to Seal the Deal in Copenhagen'.

Professor Jacqueline McGlade, Executive Director of the European Environment Agency, says: 'Governments across the world have been striving to avoid a deepening global recession, involving stimulus packages with sums so vast that most of us are unable to comprehend the figures involved. In parallel, our natural world, through the pressures from climate change and ecosystem loss, is on the verge of collapse. Here too, governments are working to develop high level targets and strategies to reign in the worst effects.'

'In both cases there is a common thread; the political, economic and administrative mechanisms leave citizens sidelined,' says Professor McGlade, adding: 'World Environment Day is an opportunity for us all to get involved in something which is critical for our shared future and work in a co-ordinated manner to empower us all to play an active role in protecting our environment.'

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