World War 1 Summary Essays

The Causes of World War 1 Essay

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World War 1 (better known as The Great War), was caused by a great many elements, some long-term, some short-term and the spark. Together these reasons created a brutal war involving many countries across the globe and also killing a vast number of the world’s population. In this essay, I will thoroughly explain what started this war and which reasons made it start sooner.

What in my opinion was the least important reason, for the war starting was how much richer all the countries were getting. England, Germany, France and Russia along with others, were all expanding their empires and in doing so they became a lot richer. England used their money to create a powerful navy, one that was said to be the “rulers of the waves”. Germany too…show more content…

So, Germany made a decision, as too much of the world had been claimed they must fight to gain countries, in order to build their much desired Empire. This lead to the war as it created rivalry between Britain and Germany, who were both powerful Empires in their own right. This meant in the case of a war between nations, such as the one which followed, these domains would be on opposing sides and would have a good motive to want to belittle the others status, Empire, National forces and wealth.
The next most important reason was the murder of the Archduke and heir to the throne of Austria, Franz Ferdinand. This was the “spark” that lead to the beginning of the war. It was important because it caused Austria to attack Serbia. This is because although Bosnia was part of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, it wanted to be a part of its neighbouring country Serbia, who ruled themselves and wanted Bosnia to join them. So on June 28th 1914, when Franz and his wife visited Bosnia they were assassinated by the terrorist group the Black Hand. Austria then blamed this on Serbia and used his death as an excuse to attack Serbia. This then lead to many other countries getting involved. This was the spark of the war, as all the countries had already stated their allies and had rivalries with their enemies, and so all they needed was an excuse to fight each other. This is a cause of the start of the war, as it

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Summary: The sinking of the Lusitania, Germany disobeying the Sussex Pledge, the Zimmermann Telegram, and patriotism to "fight the war to end all wars," the United States left behind its neutrality and join the Allies in World War I against Germany and the Central Powers.


At the beginning of World War I, the U.S. government protested the actions of both Allied and Central powers. Looking to become a peacemaker, the U.S. claimed neutrality. But the U.S. did eventually join the war due to several events.

On May 7, 1915, a German U-boat sank the British Lusitania, killing 1200, including 128 Americans. America became angry, calling Germany's act "barbarism." U-boats continued attacking Allied merchant ships, so the U.S. helped pass the Sussex Pledge, stating that German U-boats would have to warn before attacking. Germany soon broke the pledge and the U.S. became even angrier because it cut off their trade with Western Europe, for fear that the German U-boats would sink American merchant ships as well.

Another reason why the U.S. entered the war was because of an intercepted German telegram, made by Arthur Zimmermann that was on its way to Mexico. The British intercepted his telegram. When translated, this telegram told Mexico to declare war on the U.S., and if so, Germany would reward Mexico with American land. Although this was not much of a concern for neither Mexico nor the U.S., it still made Americans even more aggravated.

A final reason why the U.S. entered World War I was because supposedly, it was "the war to end all wars." This encouraged Americans to join the army, and it also increased American patriotism towards the war. Looking at the war as being the last one ever also supported the idea of world peace.

In conclusion, because of the sinking of the Lusitania, Germany disobeying the Sussex Pledge, as well as the Zimmermann Telegram and patriotism, the U.S. was forced to leave neutrality and join the Allies in World War I against Germany and the Central Powers.

"Why the U.s. Entered Ww1 ." BookRags Essay Workshop. Retrieved 28 June 2005, from the World Wide Web. http://www.bookrags.com/essays/story/preview

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